Hair Fall is referred to as alopecia in medical terms.
Causes and risk factors for hair Fall
Dermatologists are the doctors who specialize in problems of skin, hair, and nails. They provide advanced diagnosis and treatment of hair thinning and fall.
Common causes of patchy Hair Fall are
There is an overall hair thinning without specific bald spots or patterns. Some common causes of diffuse Hair Fall are
This topical medication is applied on the scalp and is available over the counter. Men and women can use it. It works best on the crown and less on the frontal region.
Finasteride: This medication is FDA approved for use in men with androgenic Hair Fall.
Lower level laser devices are approved by the FDA for use in male pattern Hair Fall. These devices are used at home without a physician’s prescription. They come in varied forms like combs, helmets, and hats.
Hair from the back of the scalp is removed with their roots and transplanted on the bald areas. Scalp reduction or cutting away bald areas and stitching the rest of the scalp together is also practiced. Typically, 500 or more hairs may be transplanted in a session. This is an expensive way to treat Hair Fall.
The efficacy of this form of therapy is currently under investigation. Platelet-rich plasma obtained from the processed whole blood of male patients with pattern Hair Fall and then re-injected into their own scalp has been suggested as an adjuvant treatment.
Female pattern Hair Fall tends to be more diffuse. There seems to be a normal physiologic thinning that comes with age and occurs in many women in their early to mid-30s.
Pregnancy may cause many changes in the scalp hair, as the hormones fluctuate during pregnancy. There may be a loss of hair after delivery or a few months later which will eventually normalize.
Minoxidil and hair transplant are recommended treatments for Hair Fall in women.
There is no solid evidence to support the benefits of vitamins and nutritional supplements in treating Hair Fall.